Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a naturally occurring transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) affecting members of the cervid species, including white-tailed and mule deer, wapiti, and moose. As with other TSEs, including scrapie of sheep, transmissible mink encephalopathy, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease), and variant/sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans. CWD is characterized by identifying an abnormally folded protein.
Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRSR), caused by the soil-borne fungus Phytophthora sojae is a common disease found throughout the United States. PRSR has been ranked as a leading destructive soybean disease reportedly causing an annual loss of over 44 million bu from 1996-2009 (Koenning and Wrather, 2010; Wrather and Koenning, 2009).
In 2008, the economic loss for the soybean industry due to the presence of aphids was estimated to be approximately 4 billion U.S.
Corn has become an increasingly important crop within the state of North Dakota, where it is currently grown in every county; though the productivity and risk of production varies considerably from region to region (Ransom, 2004). Stalk and ear rot diseases of corn can be caused by many fungi and bacteria.
The Goss’s Wilt assay is currently under development is for the specific detection of the bacterial pathogen that causes Goss’s wilt and blight of corn. Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Cmn), the causal organism of Goss’s wilt, can infect a corn crop in any developmental stage, whether through wounds or transmitted directly through seed.
The NAGC is working with the USDA and university labs to identify Xanthomonas in corn and in cotton.
The Honey Bee Pathogen Panel is currently offered to consumers on a fee for service basis. This test panel was developed by NAGC as a tool used to screen for the health of honey bees.